Bangkok’s history dates back at least to the early 15th century when it was a city on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River under the rule of Ayutthaya. Due to its strategic location near the mouth of the river, the city gradually gained importance. Initially serving as a customs post with forts on either side of the river, Bangkok was the site of a siege in 1688 that drove out the French. From Siamese. After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese in 1767, the newly crowned King Taksin established his capital in the city, which became the base of the Thonburi kingdom. In 1782, King Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I) succeeded Taksin and moved the capital to
Rattanakosin Island on the east coast established the Rattanakosin Kingdom. The City Pillar was erected on April 21, 1782, which is believed to be Bangkok’s founding date as the capital from the 1960s to 1980s and has a significant impact on Thailand today. Politics, economy, education, media and modern society.
What to need to know?
Bangkok, officially known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon[b] and colloquially as Krung Thep, is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometers (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River Delta in central Thailand and has an estimated 2020 population of 10.539 million.
3% of the country’s population. According to the 2010 census, more than 14 million people (22.2%) lived in the Bangkok metropolitan area, making Bangkok an extreme primate city, dwarfing Thailand’s other urban centers in size and importance to the country. Business. Bangkok dates back to a small trading post during the 15th-century kingdom of Ayutthaya, which eventually became the site of two capitals, Thonburi in 1768 and Rattanakosin in 1782. Bangkok later became the heart of modernization in Siam in the late 19th century. Thailand was renamed when the country faced pressure from the West.
The city was at the center of Thailand’s political struggles throughout the 20th century, as the country abolished absolute monarchy, adopted constitutional rule, and suffered numerous coups and uprisings. Incorporated as a Special Administrative Region of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration in 1972, the city overgrew in the 1960s to 1980s and today exerts a significant influence on politics, economy, education, media and society.
The city of Bangkok is governed locally by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA). Although its borders are at the provincial (Changwat) level, unlike the other 76 provinces, Bangkok is a particular administrative area whose governor is directly elected for a four-year term. The governor and four appointed MPs form the executive body that implements policy through the BMA civil service, headed by the BMA Secretary of State. In separate elections, each district elects one or more councilors, which form the Bangkok Metropolitan Council. The Council is the legislative body of the BMA and has authority over city ordinances and the city budget.
Parks and green zones
Bangkok has several parks, although these account for a total parking area per capita of just 1.82 square meters (19.6 sq ft) in the city proper. The whole green space for the entire town is moderate at 11.8 square meters. foot) per person. In the most densely built-up areas of the city, these numbers are only 1.73 and 0.72 square meters per person. Recent figures indicate that there are 3.3 square meters (36 square feet) of green space per person, compared to an average of 39 square meters (420 square feet) in other Asian cities.
Bangkok’s largest parks include the 57.6-hectare (142-acre) Lumphini Park, centrally located near the Si Lom–Sathon business district, and the 80-hectare (200-acre) Suanluang Rama IX east of Bangkok City and the Chatuchak-Queen Sirikit-Wachirabenchathat Park Complex in northern Bangkok, which has a total area of 92 hectares (230 acres).
Thailand’s currency is the baht (THB). A bath 100 satang. Coins in circulation are 25 and 50 satang, 1, 2, 5 and 10 baht; Banknotes come in denominations of 10 baht, 20 baht, 50 baht, 100 baht, 500 baht and 1,000 baht. Satang coins are practically dead and rarely produced. Only local currency is accepted in Thailand.
Payments in dollars or euros are not accepted, except for personal payment for excursions and other guide services. Exchanging money in Bangkok is a relatively simple process. Choosing where to exchange your money can significantly impact how much baht you will have in your wallet. Those on a budget should avoid the big banks in popular malls and tourist attractions, as higher rents are passed on to the customer through commission fees. And don’t forget, You must have your passport to exchange money in Bangkok. Superrich is one of the most famous exchange offices in Bangkok. They have multiple branches across the city, from kiosks at select BTS Skytrain stations to small shops in Pratunam and Chitlom.
Climate and Environment
Bangkok’s rapid growth and poor urban planning have resulted in a confusing cityscape and inadequate infrastructure. Despite an extensive highway network, a wrong road network and heavy use of private automobiles have led to chronic and debilitating traffic congestion causing severe air pollution. In the 1990s, the city has since turned to public transportation to solve the problem, operating eight light rail lines and building other forms of public transit, but congestion remains a common problem. The city faces long-term environmental threats, such as sea level rise due to climate change.